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Thrush (Candida)


It is a yeast infection. Yeast is common around the mouth and genitals, especially the vagina, but does not cause symptoms until it multiplies. Thrush is not considered a sexually transmitted infection, but it can be passed on through sexual contact. Many people develop thrush for other reasons such as being on antibiotics, a change in diet for example.


  • You can pass it on to your sexual partner(s)
  • Symptoms can go away without treatment


  • Unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex


  • Genital itching or soreness
  • Thick vaginal discharge usually with no smells
  • Discomfort during sex
  • You may have no symptoms


  • Thrush is treated with anti-fungal creams, vaginal pessaries or prescribed tablets
  • Avoid using soaps in the genital area
  • Pregnancy and antibiotics may make it worse


  • Don’t use perfumed soaps, sprays or shower gels around your genital area
  • Wear cotton underwear
  • Eat a healthy varied diet

    (Source: Health Service Executive (HSE), 2007)