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Chlamydia

Description:

It is a bacterial infection.

Effects:

  • You can pass it on to your sexual partner(s)
  • It can lead to problems such as pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility
  • You can pass the infection to your baby during birth
  • It can cause premature labour and low birth weight

Cause:

  • Intimate genital contact
  • Unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex
  • Infected fingers to eyes
  • Unprotected rimming (mouth to anus)
  • From a pregnant mother to her baby

Symptoms:

Women:

  • Abnormal vaginal discharge
  • Stinging or burning sensation when you pass urine
  • Bleeding between periods or heavy periods
  • Pain or bleeding during or after sex

Men:

  • Discharge from penis
  • Stinging or burning sensation when you pass urine

Treatment:

  • Antibiotics – for you and your partner(s)

Prevention:

Protect your sexual health - always use a new condom correctly and put it on before you have sex

(Source: Health Service Executive (HSE), 2007)

HPSC factsheet about Chlamydia